The medical specialties for the care of children who are most requested by families, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Child Life Specialists
They are pediatric health care professionals who work with children and families in hospitals and other settings to help them cope with the challenges of hospitalization, illness, and disability. They provide children with age-appropriate preparation for medical procedures, pain management and coping strategies, and play and self-expression activities. They also provide information, support, and guidance to parents, siblings, and other family members. Services that a child life specialist provides include: Psychological preparation for tests, surgeries, and other medical procedures; Support during medical procedures; Therapeutic medical and recreational play; Sibling support; Support for grief and bereavement; Emergency room interventions; Hospital pre-admission tours; Outpatient consultation with families; Coordinate special events, entertainment, and activities for patients and their families; and Educate caregivers, administrators, and the general public about the needs of children under stress.
Is a doctoral-level, licensed psychologist and health service provider of neuropsychological assessment, diagnosis, and intervention based upon the scientific study of developmental theory and behavior as it relates to normal and abnormal functioning of the developing central nervous system. They make neuropsychology evaluation to determine genetic syndromes, brain injuries or classical learning disabilities. Disorders like: Developmental; Speech and Language; ADHD and Learning Disabilities; Intellectual Disability and Autism Spectrum Disorder; Prenatal Substance Exposure; Acquired Neuropsychological Disorders; Abuse Neglect; Acquired Brain Injuries; Epilepsy; Specific Medical Conditions; Tumors; Sickle Cell Disease; Meningitis; Encephalitis; Cardiac, Circulatory, and Pulmonary Problems; and Psychiatric Disorders.
They focus on the development of the visual system and the various diseases that disrupt visual development in children. Children experience a variety of eye problems. Pediatric ophthalmologists are specially trained to manage the following disorders: Infections; Strabismus; Amblyopia; Blocked tear ducts; Ptosis; Retinopathy of prematurity; Nystagmus; Visual inattention; Pediatric cataracts; Pediatric glaucoma; Abnormal vision development; Genetic disorders; Congenital malformations; Orbital tumours; Refractive errors such as myopia and astigmatism; Accommodative insufficiency; and Convergence insufficiency and asthenopia. (SOURCE: Wikipedia)
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